December 20, 2020

What Was The Locarno Agreement

In early 1925, relations between Germany and its European neighbours, in particular France, were affected by the troublesome issues of war reparations and compliance with the terms of the 1919 Treaty of Versaille. On 9 February, Gustav Stresemann (1878-1929), the German Foreign Minister, sent a communication to the governments of the Allied powers, in which he proposed a security pact under which Germany, France, Britain and Italy would commit not to go to war, with the United States acting as guarantors of the agreement. An appendix to his note proposed an arbitration treaty between France and Germany to ensure the peaceful settlement of bilateral conflicts between the two states. Stresemann`s proposal was also aimed at securing the West German border, but did not contain a German commitment to the eastern borders or its entry into the League of Nations, two crucial issues for France. Between 1923 and 1929, Germany experienced a golden age under the Weimar Republic. Leader Gustav Stresemann helped secure U.S. loans for economic reconstruction and international agreements that helped rebuild Germany`s place among the world`s leading nations. Why were the Stresemann years considered a golden age? The era of better feeling between the Allies and Germany, initiated by the Dawes Plan and then promoted by Mr. Mac Donald and Mr. Herriot, was reinforced in Locarno by the attitude of Mr. Austen Chamberlain and Mr.

Briand. Germany has been treated in the same way and formal treaties have been complemented by numerous informal agreements reached in personal talks between Mr Chamberlain and Mr Briand on the one hand, and Chancellor Luther and Dr Stresemann, on the other. It is accepted that the adoption of the treaties would not have been possible, but for informal promises such as Mr Chamberlain`s, to do everything possible to ensure that Cologne is evacuated, at least in part, before 1 December, when the De Locarno Treaties will be formally signed in London. German Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann has given the highest priority to restoring German prestige and The privileges of a First European nation. The French withdrawal from the Ruhr occupation was planned for January 1925, but Stresemann felt that France was very nervous about its safety and could cancel the withdrawal. After understanding that France was eager for a British guarantee of its post-war borders, but that London was hesitant, Stresemann came up with a plan that conveyed to all parties what they wanted: a series of contracts promised these guarantees. When the British Foreign Secretary, Austen Chamberlain, heard this proposal, he enthusiastically accepted it. France understood that its occupation of the Ruhr had caused a great deal of financial and diplomatic damage. [1] In October 1925, the foreign ministers met in Locarno, Switzerland, where they agreed on the treaties.